Sign in | Join now

Simple English
Giza pyramid complex
Giza pyramid complex — Dmitry Markov

29.9761˚, 31.1328˚

Visitors 58,666
I've been here I Want to visit


+14˚ +29˚
Open hours?
9:00 AM–7:00 PM
9:00 AM–4:00 PM
10:00 AM–5:00 PM
10:00 AM–4:00 PM
9:00 AM–4:00 PM
6:00 AM–7:00 AM
0.4km from Al Ahram, Nazlet El-Semman, Al Haram, อัลจิซาห์ อียิปต์
29.9761, 31.1328
N29°58'33", E31°7'58"

Giza pyramid complex

Giza pyramid complex (also called the Giza Necropolis) is located on the Giza Plateau near the city of Cairo, Egypt. It is located about eight kilometres (5 mi) inland into the desert from the ancient town of Giza on the Nile, and about 25 kilometres (12.5 mi) southwest of Cairo city centre. The Great Pyramid is the only remaining monument of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Major parts of the complex

  • Pyramid of Khufu
  • Pyramid of Khafre
  • Pyramid of Menkaure
  • Great Sphinx
  • Khufu ship

Construction of the Great Pyramid

There have been many theories to expain how the pyramids were built. These theories include:

  • the use of external or outside ramps
  • the use of cranes
  • the use of an internal or inside ramp. This idea was developed by Jean-Pierre Houdin, a French architect. He has also made detailed computer models of the Great Pyramid. Houdin says that the ramp spirals upward. There is evidence in the notched corners of the pyramid. Not only was the spiraling internal ramp used, but an external ramp was probably used to move the bigger blocks. These are found in the lower half of the pyramid and probably used simple cranes to lift them.
  • the rack and pinion theory developed by Paul Hai. Hai published his theory on 27 August 2006 as part of an Australian university assignment. Herodotus of Halicarnassus asked the ancient Egyptians themselves how the Giza Pyramids had been built. This is a rampless theory and fully explains the workings of the wooden machines described by Herodotus. This uses a three wheel step trolley, climbing steps so that ramps are not needed. In Part One of his book, the full details are carefully explained with many pictures and photographs of a working model.

Further reading

  • Lehner, Dr. Mark, "The Complete Pyramids", Thames & Hudson, 1997. ISBN 0-500-05084-8.
  • Manley, Bill (Ed.), "The Seventy Great Mysteries of Ancient Egypt", Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05123-2.
  • "Mysteries of Egypt" National Geographic Society, 1999. ISBN 0-7922-9752-0.
  • Rhys-Davies, John, "Riddles of the monument builders: Who built the Sphinx", Time-Life Video, 1995.
  • Hai, Paul, "Raising Stone 1: Paul Hai's racks & pinions theory", 2007, ISBN 978-0-646-47679-7.

Other websites

You can buy this photo on Source.

Tips & Hints

Андрей Петров
vrlo lijep
Андрей Петров
Très belle
Андрей Петров
Very nice
Андрей Петров
что не очевидно?
WASD 16 May 2012
Теперь поздно, с новой властью к туристам не очень-то хорошо относятся =]
4SQ Egypt
4SQ Egypt 19 November 2012
On the Giza Plateau, Khufu's builders oriented the largest pyramid ever built, it incorporates about 2.3 million stone blocks, weighing an average of 2.5 to 15 tons each.
Ros47 Delta
Ros47 Delta 1 May 2013
Some of our best work.
Rahul Desai
Rahul Desai 3 April 2010
They shut the place by 4:30 PM local time. And you should dedicate at least 2-3 hours to see the pyramids closely and enjoy the place. Try and reach the place accordingly.
Georban 3 October 2012
The Great Pyramid of Giza it's the oldest and it is also the only one to remain largely intact. The three massive Pyramids were built by armies of Hebrew slaves for the glory of the Pharaohs of Egypt.
Nataly Cnyrim-Kimmel
Nataly Cnyrim-Kimmel 29 July 2013
Don't miss the Sound & Light Show at Giza After the sun sets on the bustling city of Cairo, the famous pyramids on the Giza plateau come to life in a magical sound and light setting. A Must !
Onur 4 December 2012
that's all in Cairo. just jumped. and breakfast near the river Nil. not a place to be seen very necessary. but sharm-el sheikh is must!...
@JaumePrimero 15 October 2011
The oldest of the seven wonders of the world. And it was also the tallest manmade structure in the world for over 3,800 years.
10,000 Pixels
10,000 Pixels 8 August 2011
Step 1 - Find an Egyptian soldier/guard with an AK-47.Step 2 - Bribe them generously.Step 3 - Now you can fully explore the Pyramids like you're Indiana Jones!
Rafiqah 29 October 2012
Stupid egyptian people picnic in front of the pyramid.
Abhinav Sharma
Abhinav Sharma 16 June 2012
If you go past the sphinx to where they usually hold the light and sound show, you can see all the 9 pyramids in a row (yes, there's 9, though 6 are smaller than the three big ones!)
Lou Musti
Lou Musti 3 October 2013
Had yelem shewayet el baltageya eli 3ala madkhal el ahramat we hatla2o el soyah reg3o :@ ! Mish keda besaraha ..
Ana Cristina Moura
Ana Cristina Moura 15 January 2013
Lugar misterioso!
Yasemin Göntem
Yasemin Göntem 31 January 2013
muhteşem , muteşemmm
Mustafa 18 October 2012
bi daha gelmem :D
Fоursquаrе по-русски
Здесь можно задавать вопрос, ответ на который сразу же или позднее обязательно придет к вам. Но самое главное сформулировать свой вопрос четко и ясно.
Yasemin Göntem
Yasemin Göntem 26 March 2013
harikanında ötesi bir yer
CameraNeon 21 October 2013
Não se deixe aborrecer pelos vendedores insistentes! Fotografia dentro das pirâmides não é permitida. Evite ir no pico do verão. Para uma vista ao longe - foto clássica, siga para trás das pirâmides.
Asya Hameş
Asya Hameş 9 February 2013
Gormus olmak icin gidilir, insanin zevk almasini engelleyen bunaltici saticilarla dolu....tekrarlamam
VacazionaViajes 28 August 2012
Uno de los monumentos más conocidos de Egipto y unos de los más antiguos del mundo. Aproveche para dar un paseo en camello.
Игорь Казыров
Игорь Казыров 17 August 2012
Если хотите посмотреть на нервно кричащего араба, то позвольте вашему ребёнку взять у него пирамидки, которые он "типа дарит", а потом, можете ребенку разрешить её выкинуть или сломать:)

Flights to Cairo


Casablanca3700 km
Cairo14 km
El-Maḥalla el-Kubra112 km
Suez137 km
Alexandria179 km
Port Said182 km