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Burial monuments and structures in Giza

Giza pyramid complex


Giza pyramid complex (also called the Giza Necropolis) is located on the Giza Plateau near the city of Cairo, Egypt. It is located about eight kilometres (5 mi) inland into the desert from the ancient town of Giza on the Nile, and about 25 kilometres (12.5 mi) southwest of Cairo city centre. The Great Pyramid is the only remaining monument of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Major parts of the complex

  • Pyramid of Khufu
  • Pyramid of Khafre
  • Pyramid of Menkaure
  • Great Sphinx
  • Khufu ship

Construction of the Great Pyramid

There have been many theories to expain how the pyramids were built. These theories include:

  • the use of external or outside ramps
  • the use of cranes
  • the use of an internal or inside ramp. This idea was developed by Jean-Pierre Houdin, a French architect. He has also made detailed computer models of the Great Pyramid. Houdin says that the ramp spirals upward. There is evidence in the notched corners of the pyramid. Not only was the spiraling internal ramp used, but an external ramp was probably used to move the bigger blocks. These are found in the lower half of the pyramid and probably used simple cranes to lift them.
  • the rack and pinion theory developed by Paul Hai. Hai published his theory on 27 August 2006 as part of an Australian university assignment. Herodotus of Halicarnassus asked the ancient Egyptians themselves how the Giza Pyramids had been built. This is a rampless theory and fully explains the workings of the wooden machines described by Herodotus. This uses a three wheel step trolley, climbing steps so that ramps are not needed. In Part One of his book, the full details are carefully explained with many pictures and photographs of a working model.

Further reading

  • Lehner, Dr. Mark, "The Complete Pyramids", Thames & Hudson, 1997. ISBN 0-500-05084-8.
  • Manley, Bill (Ed.), "The Seventy Great Mysteries of Ancient Egypt", Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05123-2.
  • "Mysteries of Egypt" National Geographic Society, 1999. ISBN 0-7922-9752-0.
  • Rhys-Davies, John, "Riddles of the monument builders: Who built the Sphinx", Time-Life Video, 1995.
  • Hai, Paul, "Raising Stone 1: Paul Hai's racks & pinions theory", 2007, ISBN 978-0-646-47679-7.

Other websites

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Tips & Hints
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Андрей Петров
vrlo lijep
Андрей Петров
Très belle
Андрей Петров
Very nice
Андрей Петров
что не очевидно?
16 May 2012
Теперь поздно, с новой властью к туристам не очень-то хорошо относятся =]
4SQ Egypt
19 November 2012
On the Giza Plateau, Khufu's builders oriented the largest pyramid ever built, it incorporates about 2.3 million stone blocks, weighing an average of 2.5 to 15 tons each.
19 September 2011
The only structure of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World that still stands today. Take bus routes 355 or 357 from central Cairo to get to this mysterious and breathtaking site.
Ros47 Delta
1 May 2013
Some of our best work.
Rahul Desai
3 April 2010
They shut the place by 4:30 PM local time. And you should dedicate at least 2-3 hours to see the pyramids closely and enjoy the place. Try and reach the place accordingly.
3 October 2012
The Great Pyramid of Giza it's the oldest and it is also the only one to remain largely intact. The three massive Pyramids were built by armies of Hebrew slaves for the glory of the Pharaohs of Egypt.
Nataly Cnyrim-Kimmel
29 July 2013
Don't miss the Sound & Light Show at Giza After the sun sets on the bustling city of Cairo, the famous pyramids on the Giza plateau come to life in a magical sound and light setting. A Must !
4 December 2012
that's all in Cairo. just jumped. and breakfast near the river Nil. not a place to be seen very necessary. but sharm-el sheikh is must!...
15 October 2011
The oldest of the seven wonders of the world. And it was also the tallest manmade structure in the world for over 3,800 years.
10,000 Pixels
8 August 2011
Step 1 - Find an Egyptian soldier/guard with an AK-47.Step 2 - Bribe them generously.Step 3 - Now you can fully explore the Pyramids like you're Indiana Jones!
29 October 2012
Stupid egyptian people picnic in front of the pyramid.
Lou Musti
3 October 2013
Had yelem shewayet el baltageya eli 3ala madkhal el ahramat we hatla2o el soyah reg3o :@ ! Mish keda besaraha ..
Ana Cristina Moura
15 January 2013
Lugar misterioso!
Yasemin Göntem
31 January 2013
muhteşem , muteşemmm
18 October 2012
bi daha gelmem :D
Fоursquаrе по-русски
Здесь можно задавать вопрос, ответ на который сразу же или позднее обязательно придет к вам. Но самое главное сформулировать свой вопрос четко и ясно.
Yasemin Göntem
26 March 2013
harikanında ötesi bir yer
21 October 2013
Não se deixe aborrecer pelos vendedores insistentes! Fotografia dentro das pirâmides não é permitida. Evite ir no pico do verão. Para uma vista ao longe - foto clássica, siga para trás das pirâmides.
Asya Hameş
9 February 2013
Gormus olmak icin gidilir, insanin zevk almasini engelleyen bunaltici saticilarla dolu....tekrarlamam
28 August 2012
Uno de los monumentos más conocidos de Egipto y unos de los más antiguos del mundo. Aproveche para dar un paseo en camello.
Игорь Казыров
17 August 2012
Если хотите посмотреть на нервно кричащего араба, то позвольте вашему ребёнку взять у него пирамидки, которые он "типа дарит", а потом, можете ребенку разрешить её выкинуть или сломать:)
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0.4km from Al Ahram, Nazlet El-Semman, Al Haram, อัลจิซาห์ อียิปต์

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Wed 9:00 AM–4:00 PM
Thu 6:00 AM–7:00 AM
Fri 8:00 AM–4:00 PM
Sat 8:00 AM–5:00 PM
Sun 9:00 AM–3:00 PM

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